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The 10 Most Important React Interview Questions You Need To Know In 2023 (5 Easy, 3 Medium, 2 Hard)/



Patrich is a senior software engineer with 15+ years of software engineering and systems engineering experience.

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The 10 Most Important React Interview Questions You Need To Know In 2023 (5 Easy, 3 Medium, 2 Hard)

React has become one of the most popular JavaScript frameworks for building modern and efficient user interfaces. As a result, React skills are in high demand, and many companies are looking to hire skilled React developers. If you’re preparing for a React interview, here are ten of the most important React interview questions that you should be familiar with.

5 Easy React Interview Questions

  1. What is React, and how does it differ from other JavaScript frameworks? React is an open-source JavaScript library that is used to build user interfaces. It was developed by Facebook and is maintained by a community of developers. React is different from other JavaScript frameworks in that it uses a virtual DOM to update the user interface efficiently, which makes it faster and more responsive than other frameworks.
  2. What is JSX in React, and why is it important?
    JSX is a syntax extension for JavaScript that allows developers to write HTML-like syntax in their JavaScript code. It is important because it makes it easier to write and maintain complex user interfaces by allowing developers to use familiar HTML-like syntax.
  3. What is a component in React, and how do you create one?
    A component is a reusable piece of code that represents a part of a user interface. In React, components can be either functional or class-based. To create a functional component, you simply define a function that returns JSX. To create a class-based component, you define a class that extends React.Component and define a render method that returns JSX.
  4. What is the state in React, and how does it work?
    The state is an object that holds data that can change over time. In React, the state is used to manage the data that a component needs to render. When the state changes, React updates the component to reflect the new state.
  5. What is a prop in React, and how does it work?
    A prop is short for “property” and is used to pass data from a parent component to a child component. Props are read-only and cannot be modified by the child component. Instead, the child component uses the props to render its user interface.

… 3 Medium Difficulty React Interview Questions …

  1. What is the difference between controlled and uncontrolled components in React?
    Controlled components are components where the state is managed by React. The component receives its value and onChange event from React, and React updates the component whenever the value changes. Uncontrolled components, on the other hand, manage their own state, and their values are not managed by React.
  2. What is the purpose of the React Router, and how does it work?
    React Router is a popular library for handling routing in React applications. It allows developers to define routes and render different components based on the current URL. React Router uses a declarative syntax to define routes and provides a history object to track the user’s navigation.
  3. What is Redux, and why is it useful in React applications?
    Redux is a state management library that can be used with React to manage complex application state. Redux provides a predictable state container, which makes it easier to reason about the state of an application. Redux can also improve the performance of React applications by reducing the number of state updates.

… And Finally, 2 Hard React Interview Questions

  1. What is server-side rendering in React, and how is it useful?
    Server-side rendering (SSR) is the process of rendering a React application on the server and sending the HTML markup to the client, rather than sending the JavaScript code and having the client render the application. SSR can improve the performance and search engine optimization (SEO) of a React application by reducing the time it takes for the initial page to load and improving its visibility to search engines. However, SSR can also introduce some complexity, such as managing the server-side state and synchronizing it with the client-side state.
  2. What are hooks in React, and how do they work?
    Hooks are a new feature introduced in React 16.8 that allow developers to use state and other React features in functional components. Hooks are functions that allow developers to “hook into” React’s lifecycle methods and state management. Before hooks, developers had to use class components to manage state and lifecycle methods, which made it difficult to share stateful logic between components and caused some confusion around the use of the “this” keyword.

    There are several built-in hooks in React, including:
    useState: Allows functional components to use state by returning an array with two values – the current state and a function to update the state.
    useEffect: Allows functional components to use lifecycle methods by accepting a function that is called when the component is mounted, updated, or unmounted.
    useContext: Allows functional components to use context, which is a way to pass data down the component tree without having to pass props through every level.
    useReducer: Allows functional components to use a reducer pattern for managing state, similar to how state is managed in Redux.

    Hooks can also be created by developers to encapsulate stateful logic and make it more reusable. Custom hooks are functions that use built-in hooks to provide a specific piece of stateful logic, such as form validation or data fetching. Custom hooks follow the same rules as built-in hooks and can be used in any functional component.

    Using hooks can make functional components more powerful and easier to read and maintain. Hooks allow developers to share stateful logic between components, which reduces code duplication and makes it easier to refactor components. Hooks also eliminate the need to use class components, which can make code more concise and easier to reason about.

Final Words

React has become a widely used and popular JavaScript framework for building efficient and modern user interfaces. To succeed in a React interview, it’s important to be familiar with the basics of React, including components, state, and props. Additionally, understanding more advanced concepts like server-side rendering, React Router, Redux, and React hooks can set you apart as a skilled React developer.

By mastering these concepts, you’ll be better equipped to create powerful, efficient, and maintainable React applications. And, whether you’re a seasoned React developer or just starting to learn React, keeping up to date with the latest trends and features will ensure you’re always prepared to excel in a React interview.