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Building The Future of Freelance Software / slashdev.io
The Top Frontend Development Technologies 2022//
What Is Frontend Development?
Frontend development is the development of the visual side of websites. It is what you see when you look at a website on your phone or your computer. In frontend development, this code is built separately from the backend which handles the data and complex logic of the application.
React – The Clear #1 Frontend Web Framework
React is easily the top frontend framework in 2022. Development by Facebook in 2011 to help build modern frontend experiences for the Facebook platform. Since then it has risen to become the most popular framework in the world for frontend development. There is really not a close number 2 for frontend development compared to React. It also has the functionality of React Native allowing you to build your website and your mobile application in the same codebase. Due to the virtual DOM functionality, React is loved for its superior performance and is considered one of the easiest frameworks to learn. A virtual DOM can be thought of as a blueprint that allows you to work faster on the high-level design without messing with all the plumbing of really moving things around. This makes it much faster to develop and change things in React. The momentum behind the React community is what is really driving it forward. More and more developers are learning React every single day. This means a stronger community with more support for new features and complex applications.
Vue – A Modern Running Up
Vue is the clear number 2 behind React as a frontend web framework. Vue was developed by one of the creators of React with the goal of being a more simplistic and easy-to-write frontend framework. It is well supported and has excellent documentation. All around an excellent framework. Vue developers will have a harder time going to React than React developers going to Vue. Due to the simplicity of Vue it can be great for simple applications. React seems to take the edge when it comes to larger applications.
Svelte – A Rising Star
Svelte was created in 2016 by Rich Harris. It was built with performance in mind. Svelte has no virtual DOM and it runs at build time. The lack of a virtual DOM ads a bit of complexity to Svelte in favor of performance. Running at build time means that most of the code is already ready to send when a user clicks something on your website. Rather than building the new page to send to them, Svelte has most of it pre-built to give you that snappy instantaneous loading experience. Svelte is still quite a niche framework compared to React but many developers are interested in trying it out and many successful companies have used it already including nyt.com, spotify.com, and note.com.
Angular & jQuery – The Old Popular Frameworks
Not much to say here. There are older frameworks that are on their way out. You can build excellent applications in Angular or jQuery, which many great companies have. Almost nothing new is being built in these frameworks because there are simply better options.
Flutter – Honorable Mention For A Cross-Platform Framework
Make sure you take a look at Flutter. Development by Google as a cross-platform web framework Flutter is an amazing technology for building a website iOS app and Android app all in one codebase. Flutter has a ton of momentum and is a great option for anyone building an app first company.