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The Ultimate Guide To Vue Development In 2024/



Patrich is a senior software engineer with 15+ years of software engineering and systems engineering experience.

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The Ultimate Guide To Vue Development In 2024

1. Introduction to Vue Development

Vue.js, often referred to as Vue, is a progressive JavaScript framework used to build user interfaces. Unlike other monolithic frameworks, Vue is designed from the ground up to be incrementally adoptable. This means you can use as much or as little of Vue as you want, making it a flexible choice for all sorts of web development projects.

What is Vue?

Vue is a JavaScript framework that allows developers to create single-page applications and user interfaces. It’s known for its simplicity and flexibility, as it doesn’t require you to use the entire framework for every project. Instead, you can use individual Vue components as needed, making it a great choice for both small and large-scale projects.

Why Use Vue?

There are several reasons why developers choose Vue for their projects. First, it’s relatively easy to learn, especially for those with a background in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Second, it’s lightweight and fast, which can improve the performance of your web applications. Finally, Vue has a strong community and ecosystem, which means you’ll have plenty of resources and support as you learn and use this framework.

Key Concepts in Vue

There are a few key concepts that are central to Vue development. These include:

  • Vue Instance: The Vue instance is the heart of any Vue application. It’s where you’ll define and manage your data, methods, computed properties, and more.
  • Components: Components are reusable Vue instances with a name. They’re the building blocks of a Vue application, and they allow you to create complex interfaces by combining simple, reusable components.
  • Directives: Directives are special attributes with the v- prefix that you can apply to your HTML elements. They provide a way to reactively apply side effects to the DOM when the value of their expression changes.
  • Vue Router: Vue Router is the official router for Vue.js. It deeply integrates with Vue.js core to make building Single Page Applications with Vue.js a breeze.

Now that you have a basic understanding of what Vue is and why it’s used, you’re ready to start building with this powerful framework. In the following sections, we’ll dive deeper into each of these key concepts and explore how to use them in your Vue projects.

// Example of a simple Vue instancevar app = new Vue({  el: '#app',  data: {    message: 'Hello Vue!'  }})

2. Understanding Vue.js: A Brief Overview

Vue.js is an open-source JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces (UI) and single-page applications (SPA). It was created by Evan You in 2014 and has since gained significant popularity in the development community due to its simplicity and flexibility.

Vue.js is component-based, similar to React and Angular, which means you can create large scale applications by reusing and combining small, self-contained pieces of code called components. This makes the code more maintainable, reusable, and easier to test.

Here’s a basic example of a Vue.js component:

<template>  <div>    {{ message }}  </div></template><script>export default {  data() {    return {      message: 'Hello Vue!'    }  }}</script>

In this example, the `message` data property is bound to the template, and it will update whenever the data changes.

Vue.js uses a virtual DOM, which is a lightweight copy of the actual DOM. Any changes made are first performed on the virtual DOM. Then, Vue.js compares the virtual DOM with the actual DOM and performs the minimum number of operations necessary to bring the actual DOM up to date. This approach improves performance and makes Vue.js faster than traditional DOM manipulation.

Vue.js also provides a variety of advanced features such as routing, state management, and build tool integrations. This makes it a versatile framework that can be used for a wide range of projects, from simple widgets to complex, large-scale applications.

While Vue.js has a gentle learning curve compared to other frameworks, it is powerful and flexible enough to handle complex use cases. This makes it an excellent choice for both beginners and experienced developers.

3. Setting Up Your Vue Development Environment

Setting up your Vue development environment involves a few crucial steps. First, you need to install Node.js and npm, which are essential for managing packages that your Vue project will depend on.

To install Node.js and npm, visit the official Node.js website and download the installer. After installation, you can confirm the successful installation by running the following commands in your terminal:


node -vnpm -v


Next, you need to install Vue CLI, a standard tooling for Vue.js development. Vue CLI provides a full system for rapid Vue.js development, and it’s easy to install with npm. Run the following command in your terminal:


npm install -g @vue/cli


After installing Vue CLI, you can confirm its successful installation by running the following command:


vue --version


Now that you have Vue CLI installed, you can create a new Vue project. Navigate to the directory where you want to create your project and run the following command:


vue create my-project


Replace “my-project” with the name of your project. This command will create a new directory with the specified name, set up a new Vue project in that directory, and install all the necessary dependencies.

Your Vue development environment is now set up and ready for you to start building Vue applications.

4. Key Concepts in Vue Development

Key Concepts in Vue Development

In Vue development, there are several key concepts that every developer should understand. These include Vue instances, templates, directives, components, and Vue Router.

Vue Instances

A Vue instance is the starting point of any Vue application. It is the root object where all the Vue features are defined.

var vm = new Vue({})


Templates in Vue are the syntax that Vue uses to bind the Vue instance to the DOM. It is a declarative way to render the data into the HTML.

<div id="app">{{ message }}</div>


Directives are special attributes in Vue that start with ‘v-‘. They apply special reactive behavior to the rendered DOM. Some common directives include v-if, v-else, v-show, and v-for.

<div v-if="show">Hello World!</div>


Components are reusable Vue instances with a name. They are the building blocks of a Vue application and help to create custom elements that can be used within a root Vue instance.

Vue.component('my-component', {})

Vue Router

The Vue Router is a plugin provided by Vue.js that provides a way to manage and navigate between different components in a Vue application.

const router = new VueRouter({ routes })

5. Vue.js Development Tools and Libraries

Vue.js is a popular JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces. To make the most out of Vue.js, developers use various development tools and libraries that enhance their productivity and efficiency. Here are some of the most useful Vue.js development tools and libraries you should consider in 2024.

1. Vue CLI

Vue CLI is a standard tool for developing Vue.js applications. It provides a full system for rapid Vue.js development, allowing developers to scaffold, develop, and package Vue applications with ease.

npm install -g @vue/clivue create my-project

2. Vue Router

Vue Router is the official router for Vue.js. It deeply integrates with Vue.js core to make building Single Page Applications with Vue.js a breeze.

npm install vue-router

3. Vuex

Vuex is a state management pattern + library for Vue.js applications. It serves as a centralized store for all the components in an application.

npm install vuex

4. Vuetify

Vuetify is a Vue UI Library with beautifully handcrafted Material Components. It provides clean, semantic, and reusable components that make building your application a breeze.

npm install vuetify

5. Nuxt.js

Nuxt.js is a framework for creating Vue.js applications, you can choose between Universal, Static Generated or Single Page application.

npm install nuxt

Remember, the choice of tools and libraries largely depends on the specific requirements of your project. It’s always a good idea to explore each tool and library to understand its strengths and weaknesses before deciding on which ones to use in your project.

6. Developing Your First Vue Application

Developing Your First Vue Application

Vue.js is a progressive JavaScript framework that is used to build user interfaces. In this section, we will guide you on how to develop your first Vue application.

Step 1: Installation

Before you can start developing your first Vue application, you need to install Node.js and NPM (Node Package Manager) on your computer. After installing Node.js and NPM, you can install Vue CLI (Command Line Interface) globally on your computer using the following command:

npm install -g @vue/cli

Step 2: Creating a New Vue Project

After installing Vue CLI, navigate to the directory where you want to create your new Vue project and run the following command:

vue create my-first-vue-app

This command will create a new Vue project named “my-first-vue-app”.

Step 3: Running the Vue Application

To run your Vue application, navigate to the project directory and run the following command:

npm run serve

This command will start a local development server. You can view your Vue application by opening your web browser and navigating to “http://localhost:8080”.

Step 4: Building Your Vue Application

Now that your Vue application is up and running, you can start building your application. Vue.js uses a component-based architecture, which means you can build your application by creating and combining different components.

For example, you can create a new component named “HelloWorld” by adding a new file named “HelloWorld.vue” in the “components” directory. The “HelloWorld.vue” file should look something like this:

<template>  <div class="hello">    <h1>{{ message }}</h1>  </div></template><script>export default {  data() {    return {      message: 'Hello, World!'    }  }}</script>

This is a simple Vue component that displays a “Hello, World!” message.

7. Advanced Vue Techniques and Best Practices

Advanced Vue Techniques and Best Practices

Vue.js is a powerful and flexible framework for building user interfaces. As you get more comfortable with Vue, you can start to leverage some of its more advanced features to build complex and highly interactive applications. Here are some advanced Vue techniques and best practices to help you take your Vue skills to the next level.

Data Pre-Fetching and State

One of the advanced techniques in Vue is data pre-fetching. This technique involves fetching data before the route is rendered, allowing for a smoother user experience. You can use the


navigation guard in Vue Router to fetch data before rendering a component.

beforeRouteEnter (to, from, next) {  // Fetch data here  next(vm => {    // access to component instance via `vm`  })}

Vue Mixins

Vue Mixins are a flexible way to distribute reusable functionalities for Vue components. A mixin object can contain any component options. When a component uses a mixin, all options in the mixin will be ‘mixed’ into the component’s own options.

// defining a mixinvar myMixin = {  created: function () {    this.hello()  },  methods: {    hello: function () {      console.log('hello from mixin!')    }  }}// using a mixin in a componentvar Component = Vue.extend({  mixins: [myMixin]})

Functional Components

Functional components are stateless and instanceless components that are used for rendering purposes only. They are a great way to optimize your application, especially when you need to render a large list of items.

Vue.component('my-component', {  functional: true,  // Props are optional  props: {    // ...  },  // To compensate for the lack of an instance,  // we are now provided a 2nd context argument.  render: function (createElement, context) {    // ...  }})

These are just a few of the many advanced techniques and best practices that can help you become a more efficient and effective Vue developer. Remember, the key to mastering Vue.js is practice and continuous learning.

8. Vue Development in 2024: Trends and Predictions

As we look ahead into 2024, several trends and predictions are expected to shape the landscape of Vue.js development. Here are some of the most significant ones:

1. Increased Use of Vue 3

With the release of Vue 3, developers worldwide are expected to transition to this latest version. Vue 3 brings about a host of new features, improved performance, and better TypeScript support, making it an attractive choice for developers.

2. Growing Demand for Vue.js Developers

As more businesses recognize the benefits of Vue.js, the demand for skilled Vue.js developers is predicted to rise. This trend will likely continue into 2024, making Vue.js a valuable skill for any web developer.

3. Rise in Component-Based Architecture

Component-based architecture is becoming the standard in web development. With Vue.js’s component-based structure, developers can build reusable components, making the development process more efficient and manageable.

4. Server-Side Rendering (SSR) with Vue.js

Server-Side Rendering (SSR) is becoming increasingly popular for its performance benefits and SEO advantages. Vue.js offers excellent support for SSR, and this trend is expected to continue in 2024.

5. Integration of Vue.js with AI and ML

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are revolutionizing the tech industry. The integration of these technologies with Vue.js is predicted to increase, leading to the development of more intelligent and dynamic web applications.

6. Increased Use of Vuex for State Management

Vuex, Vue.js’s own state management pattern and library, is expected to see increased usage. Vuex helps developers manage state in large-scale applications, making it an essential tool in complex Vue.js projects.

7. More Vue.js Tools and Libraries

As Vue.js continues to grow, so does its ecosystem. Developers can expect to see more tools and libraries designed to work seamlessly with Vue.js, further enhancing its usability and versatility.

8. Vue.js for Mobile Development

With tools like Vue Native, Vue.js is making its way into mobile app development. This trend is likely to grow in 2024, offering developers a unified approach to building web and mobile apps.

9. Case Study: Successful Vue Applications

Case Study: Successful Vue Applications

Vue.js has been adopted by numerous companies worldwide due to its flexibility, simplicity, and capability to facilitate the development of highly interactive web applications. Let’s delve into some successful applications built with Vue.js to understand its practical applications and efficacy in real-world scenarios.


Alibaba, the world’s largest online commerce company, uses Vue.js for its front-end development. Vue’s easy-to-understand documentation, modular components, and excellent reactivity system have helped Alibaba to build a highly interactive and user-friendly interface.


Xiaomi, a leading technology company, has also integrated Vue.js into its development process. Xiaomi’s developers have praised Vue.js for its simplicity and flexibility, which has significantly reduced development time and improved the overall user experience.


Grammarly, an English language digital writing tool, uses Vue.js for its user interface. Vue’s declarative rendering and component composition features have enabled Grammarly to create a highly interactive and intuitive UI.


WizzAir, a popular low-cost airline, uses Vue.js for its website. The use of Vue.js has helped WizzAir to create a fast, responsive, and user-friendly website that can handle high traffic volumes efficiently.


Codesandbox, an online code editor, is built using Vue.js. Vue’s component-based architecture and easy-to-use API have helped Codesandbox to create a robust, efficient, and highly interactive online code editing platform.

These case studies highlight the versatility and power of Vue.js in creating diverse, successful applications across various industries. The adoption of Vue.js by these high-profile companies also testifies to its reliability and scalability in commercial applications.

10. Troubleshooting Common Vue Development Issues

Vue.js is a popular JavaScript framework known for its simplicity and flexibility. However, like any technology, you may encounter some common issues during Vue development. Here are some common problems and their solutions.

1. Vue component not rendering: This is often caused by a typo in the template or the script. Ensure that your component is correctly registered and that the template is correctly referencing the component’s data.




2. Vue router not working: Make sure that Vue router is correctly installed and imported in your main.js file. Also, ensure that the routes are correctly defined.



3. Vue CLI not recognized: This issue often occurs when Vue CLI is not correctly installed. You can fix it by reinstalling Vue CLI.

npm uninstall -g @vue/cli
npm install -g @vue/cli

4. Data not reactive: Vue cannot detect property addition or deletion. If you need to add a new reactive property after the instance has been created, use the Vue.set(object, propertyName, value) method.

Vue.set(vm.user, ‘newProp’, ‘new value’)

5. Vue not updating array changes: Vue cannot detect changes when you directly set an item with the index, e.g. vm.items[indexOfItem] = newValue. To overcome this limitation, you can use Vue.set or Array.prototype.splice.

Vue.set(vm.items, indexOfItem, newValue)
// or
vm.items.splice(indexOfItem, 1, newValue)

6. Vue not updating object changes: Vue does not allow dynamically adding new root-level reactive properties. If you need to add a new property, you should use the Vue.set method.

Vue.set(vm.user, ‘newProp’, ‘new value’)

7. Vue component not updating: If your Vue component is not updating, it might be because you are mutating props directly. Remember, props are read-only.

8. Vue event not firing: Make sure that you are correctly using v-on directive to listen to DOM events.



9. Vue computed property not updating: Computed properties are cached based on their dependencies. If the dependencies do not change, the computed property does not update.

10. Vue not detecting changes: Vue cannot detect changes when you directly set an item with the index or when you modify the length of the array. Use Vue.set or Array.prototype.splice to overcome this limitation.

Remember, the key to successful troubleshooting is understanding how Vue works. The more you know about Vue, the easier it will be to solve these common issues.

11. Tips and Tricks for Efficient Vue Development

Tips and Tricks for Efficient Vue Development

Vue.js is a popular and powerful framework for building user interfaces. However, to fully leverage its capabilities and improve your development efficiency, here are some tips and tricks you should consider:

1. Use Vue Devtools

Vue Devtools is a browser extension that provides a variety of features to help you debug your Vue applications. It allows you to inspect your components, their props, and state, as well as track custom events.

2. Leverage Vue CLI

Vue CLI is a full system for rapid Vue.js development. It provides a standard build setup, project scaffolding, and a graphical user interface to manage your projects.

3. Master Vue Router

Vue Router is the official router for Vue.js. It deeply integrates with Vue.js core to make building Single Page Applications with Vue.js a breeze.

4. Use Computed Properties

Computed properties are a way to create reusable and reactive functions that are perfect for performing calculations and manipulating data.

5. Utilize Components and Props

Components are reusable Vue instances with a name. Props are custom attributes you can register on a component which allow you to pass data from a parent component down to its children.

6. Use Vue Directives

Vue.js provides built-in directives such as v-if, v-for, and v-model that you can use to perform various operations in the DOM.

// Example of using v-for directive<ul>  <li v-for="item in items">    {{ item.text }}  </li></ul>

7. Learn Vuex

Vuex is a state management pattern + library for Vue.js applications. It serves as a centralized store for all the components in an application.

8. Embrace Single File Components (.vue files)

Single File Components provide a very productive and efficient way to build Vue applications. They allow you to define your template, script, and style all in one file.

9. Use Vue Mixins

Vue Mixins are a flexible way to distribute reusable functionalities for Vue components. A mixin object can contain any component options.

10. Understand Vue Lifecycle Hooks

Lifecycle hooks are a window into how the library you’re using works behind-the-scenes. Vue has several lifecycle methods that you can hook into to add code at specific stages.

11. Keep Up with Vue Ecosystem

The Vue ecosystem is constantly evolving with new libraries, tools, and best practices. Keeping up with these changes can help you write better, more efficient Vue code.

12. Conclusion: The Future of Vue Development

As we look forward to the future of Vue development, it’s clear that this progressive JavaScript framework will continue to play a significant role in the world of web development. With its easy learning curve and flexible architecture, Vue is an excellent choice for both beginners and experienced developers alike.

One of the most exciting aspects of Vue’s future is the development of Vue 3. With its improved performance, enhanced TypeScript support, and new features like the Composition API, Vue 3 is poised to take Vue development to new heights.

Moreover, the Vue ecosystem is continually growing and evolving. With tools like Vuex for state management, Vue Router for routing, and Vue CLI for project scaffolding, developers have everything they need to build robust, scalable applications.

Lastly, the Vue community is one of the most active and supportive in the industry. With regular updates, extensive documentation, and a plethora of tutorials and learning resources, developers can always find the help and information they need.

As we move into 2024 and beyond, it’s clear that Vue development will continue to be a vital part of the web development landscape. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just starting your coding journey, Vue offers a powerful, flexible, and future-proof solution for building modern web applications.

13. References and Further Reading

To delve deeper into Vue development, here are some valuable resources that you can refer to:

  • Official Vue.js Guide: This is the official Vue.js guide that covers a wide range of topics, from basic to advanced concepts.
  • Vue Mastery: This platform offers courses that are designed to help developers master Vue.js.
  • Udemy Vue.js Courses: Udemy hosts a variety of Vue.js courses that cater to different levels of expertise.
  • Vue Router: This is the official guide for Vue Router, a core plugin that adds routing capabilities to Vue.js.
  • Vuex: Vuex is a state management pattern and library for Vue.js applications. This is the official guide.
  • Vue Devtools: This is a browser devtools extension for debugging Vue.js applications.

For further reading, you can explore the following books: